Increasing Food Production Resilience through Integrated Agriculture under Changing Climate in Taita Taveta County, Kenya

Volume 1

(Issue I)

Gioto Victoria and Valerian Micheni

National Drought Management Authority

https://doi.org/10.20987/jccs.1.10.2016

Corresponding Author

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Address: National Drought Management Authority, P.O. Box 53547, Nairobi

(Received 9 May 2016, received in revised form 1 September 2016, Accepted 26 September 2016)

Abstract

Increasing food production through sustainable food production coupled with integrated agriculture under a changing climate, by strengthening the capacities of farmers was one strategy to address food security. Climate change had been described as the most significant environmental threat of the 21st century and had the potential to damage irreversibly the natural resource base on which agriculture depends, with grave consequences for food security. Conversely, agriculture had the potential to the solution. There were approximately 60,000 food-insecure people in Taita-Taveta based on the Long Rains Food Security Assessment analysis of 2015.This study assessed how climate change affected production of food security, to provide input to guide decision making for future resilience building programming and to engage local communities, increase understanding of climate change impacts and adaptation options through integrated farming practices. The research applied a two stage stratified cluster sampling with the clusters being selected using the probability proportional to population size (PPS) and thematic issues Cash for Assets, climate change adaptation, early warning, ending drought emergencies and disaster risk management. Data was collected using focused group discussion, observation and key in-depth interviews.The analysis was both qualitative and quantitative and adopted a trans-disciplinary perspective. From the findings, major factors affecting food security in Taita-Taveta County were poor rainfall performance, human wildlife conflict, high food prices and poor soil fertility at 35 percent, 17 percent, 15 percent and 12 percent respectively. Other factors affecting food security were poor post harvest handling practices, degraded land, unsubsidized farm inputs and poor infrastructure. Therefore, integrated agriculture would be considered as an alternative option towards increasing resilience on food security means and buffering the effects of climate change

Key  words:  Climate  change,  Food  security,  Disaster  risk  reduction  (DRR),  Cash  for  Assets  Projects, Integrated crop- livestock production and Conservation Agriculture

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