Simulation of the Impact of Deforestation on the Rainfall in Lake Victoria Basin

Journal of Kenya Meteorological Society


Volume 2:2:6

Simulation of the Impact of Deforestation on the Rainfall in Lake Victoria Basin

Joseph M. Ininda, David F. Muhati, and Franklin J. Opijah

Department of Meteorology, University of Nairobi

Corresponding Author

Joseph M. Ininda

Department of Meteorology University of Nairobi

P.O. Box 30197-00100 Nairobi- Kenya

Email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

(Manuscript received 20 December 2007, in final form 17 October 2008)


Over the past four decades, Lake Victoria basin has experienced drastic environmental changes on account of both natural and anthropogenic factors. The natural factors include prolonged droughts and the recent emergence of water hyacinth in the Lake, while anthropogenic factors include the deforestation rates, poor agricultural practices, and destruction of critical wetlands. This study examines the potential impact of deforestation on the rainfall over the lake Victoria basin. To assess the potential impact of deforestation on rainfall over the region, the General Circulation Model (GCM) ECHAM5 was applied. ECHAM5 was used to predict the possible impact of land cover and land use changes on rainfall using land cover and land use scenarios based on the Integrated Model to Assess Global Environment (IMAGE). The projected vegetation cover for 2050 was used to model the impact of deforestation, which indicated a general decrease in the canopy. The results from the model indicate a decrease in rainfall over many parts, although some areas showed increased rainfall. From the study we conclude that while deforestation has an impact on climate, there seem to be a complex interaction between forest and the rainfall generation mechanism.

Full Text:

Download full text (pdf)

Get In Touch

Physical Address: Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) Dagoretti Corner along Ngong Road, next to the Institute for Meteorological Training and Research (IMTR) Library.
Postal Address: P. O. BOX 41959 - 00100
Nairobi, Kenya

Mobile: +254 71 708 9394

Phone 1: +254 20 214 7770

Phone 2: +254 20 386 7880

Fax:     +254 20 387 6955

Email 1:,

Email 2: